Philip P. Ide

Author, programmer, science enthusiast, half-wit.
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blog:aardvaark:mars_weather

Mars Weather Reports

This webpage will soon be converted to be the top level page for Mars Weather Reports. It will contain links to the sub-pages, the clocks, the current location of Mars graphic and other data not spcific to the weather readings. The sub-pages will display the weather data from Insight, Curiosity and Perseverance.

These reports are provided by NASA's InSight lander in the south-west corner of Elysium Planitia. Daily readings are usually a couple of days behind reality.

This page is updated as new data is detected. InSight is no longer transmitting weather data. See InSight's Final Selfieplugin-autotooltip__default plugin-autotooltip_bigInSight's Final Selfie

[InSight's Final Selfie] The InSight lander is in the final stages of of its extended mission. This image, taken on April 24th 2022, is it's last selfie.

There was a possibility to keep going until the last operating science experiment had to be turned off, and then InSight would keep operating on safe mode until it eventually ran out of power.

Last update: 14:02 Sun. Jul 17th, 2022 BST Mars experiments are currently in send-only mode during the Mars solar conjunction. Follow this linkplugin-autotooltip__default plugin-autotooltip_bigMars Solar Conjunction

This page is currently INACTIVE for 2021 conjunction

Mars is heading for a solar conjunction, which in layman's terms means it's on the opposite side of the sun from the Earth. For a short period, no commands will be sent to the Mars spacecraft (which includes landers and rovers) since the sun's corona could corrupt those commands and result in unintended actions, disablement of the spacecraft or worse.
to see daily updates during the conjunction.

If the image doesn't display, please wait. The NASA websites sometimes get busy.

Explanation of the Wind Speed Chart
Wind speed is shown in meters per second, as measured by the pair of TWINS booms. The barbs extending from each wind speed data point indicate the compass direction of the wind (e.g., a wind blowing from the north will have a barb straight up above the point; a wind blowing from the west will have a barb off to the left). Full and half flags extending from the barbs indicate the wind speed, with each half flag representing approximately 2.5 meters per second. A circle in place of a barb indicates a wind speed less than 2.5 meters per second.

Full details can be seen at https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/weather/
Images Courtesy of NASA/JPL-Caltech/Cornell/CAB

:!: Note: There is a discrepancy between the summary data and the charts provided by NASA (good on you if you spotted this - if not, go hunt the thimble!). I've notified them and hopefully they'll do something about it.

Wind Speed

To put wind speed in perspective, the dust on Mars is talcum-powder fine. It requires a wind speed of 64kph (~40mph) to pick it up. 64kph equates to approximately 17.78m/s. The air is incredibly thin, just 0.06% the density of Earth's atmosphere at sea level, so it takes a high wind speed to generate enough Newtons to pick even these tiny particles up.

Typical air pressure on Earth is around 1000mb = 1bar = 100,000 pascals.

Martian Day

The Martian day is 39 mins 35.244 secs longer than a standard day. This means that approx every 36.1 days the Earth date skips a day while the Martian Sol marches on as normal. You can see this in the data below. April 16th 2019 seems to be missing, yet the Sols on April 15th and April 17th are consecutive.

It is Saturday!

Wind Distribution Graphs

Wind distribution graphs indicate from which directions wind was most prevalent during the course of a day. You can select from the last 30 days worth of data (first detailed wind direction data is for sol 539).



Click Sol to plot its Wind Direction distribution: Values in the graph indicate the number of times the wind was recorded blowing from a particular direction (±11.25°). You can move your mouse over the shaded areas for a little more interaction (t=direction, r=number of samples).


Historical Data

Data gathered from the NASA servers may be subject to corrections based on newer data. This is performed by NASA, not me. Any data that is within the last 7 data-rows is within the frame that may be updated. Any updates are automatically applied to the tables below, and all charts and derived tables (such as the record high and low temperatures) are updated accordingly.

Some tables show results after smoothing the data to remove anomolies. I have clearly marked all data that has been smoothed so there is no ambiguity. The method of smoothing out the anomolies is simple and efficient, although not guaranteed to remove them all. Essentially, if a temperature reading is ≥±10°C from the previous valid reading, it's probably an anomoly and is rejected.

A more thorough breakdown of records in °C and °F can be found after the Temperature Over Time Chart.

Records (after smoothing out anomolies)
Temp Date Sol Season Season Start Season End
Highest 1.6 C June 3, 2020 540 Autumn Apr 8, 2020 Sep 1, 2020
Lowest -105.6 C June 14, 2019 195 Spring Mar 23, 2019 Oct 7, 2019

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
Dec. 28, 2021 1098 -12.1 C -60.6 C -93.4 C 19.3 5.2 0.3 W 637.5 619.8 593.3
Dec. 17, 2021 1087 -13 C -55.6 C -94 C 19.4 5.3 0.3 S 632.3 620.4 602.7
Dec. 16, 2021 1086 -10.2 C -61.6 C -95.1 C 20.5 4.3 0.3 W 631.6 620.3 602.7
Dec. 10, 2021 1081 -13.1 C -55.4 C -118.9 C 17.4 5.2 0.3 S 637.2 620.6 606.6

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
Apr. 28, 2021 861 - - - - - - n/a 755 744.4 726.6
Apr. 25, 2021 858 - - - - - - n/a 755 740.5 725.1
Apr. 23, 2021 856 - - - - - - n/a 753.3 742.1 723.3
Apr. 22, 2021 855 - - - - - - n/a 752.7 741.1 723.2
Apr. 21, 2021 854 - - - - - - n/a 754.7 746.1 719
Apr. 16, 2021 849 - - - - - - n/a 751.5 739.3 719.1
Apr. 15, 2021 848 - - - - - - n/a 750.5 739.7 719.5
Apr. 12, 2021 845 - - - - - - n/a 750.3 743.1 727.6
Apr. 9, 2021 842 - - - - - - n/a 750.6 738.5 718.5
Apr. 8, 2021 841 - - - - - - n/a 750.4 737.4 718.5
Apr. 7, 2021 840 - - - - - - n/a 749.4 737.3 718.1
Apr. 5, 2021 838 - - - - - - n/a 749.4 733.2 716.7
Apr. 3, 2021 836 - - - - - - n/a 749.6 736.6 716.1
Apr. 2, 2021 835 - - - - - - n/a 747.3 733.8 716.8
Apr. 1, 2021 834 - - - - - - n/a 747.9 736.6 714.6

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
Mar. 31, 2021 833 - - - - - - n/a 747.5 733.4 714.8
Mar. 30, 2021 832 - - - - - - n/a 748.8 734.3 714.6
Mar. 26, 2021 828 - - - - - - n/a 744.6 730.1 713.4
Mar. 21, 2021 824 - - - - - - n/a 745.8 731.5 710.1
Mar. 18, 2021 821 - - - - - - n/a 744.2 729.6 710.1
Mar. 17, 2021 820 - - - - - - n/a 742.9 729.3 709.8
Mar. 16, 2021 819 - - - - - - n/a 744.5 730.4 709.8
Mar. 15, 2021 818 - - - - - - n/a 743.9 727.7 710.2
Mar. 12, 2021 815 - - - - - - n/a 744.9 728.4 708.4
Mar. 11, 2021 814 - - - - - - n/a 745.5 728.1 706.9
Mar. 10, 2021 813 - - - - - - n/a 743.9 727.9 706.2
Mar. 9, 2021 812 - - - - - - n/a 742.9 727.7 706.4
Mar. 8, 2021 811 - - - - - - n/a 745.7 728.2 707.2
Mar. 7, 2021 810 - - - - - - n/a 744.4 728.1 707.3
Mar. 6, 2021 809 - - - - - - n/a 744.9 727.6 706.7
Mar. 5, 2021 808 - - - - - - n/a 746.7 728.2 707.3
Mar. 4, 2021 807 - - - - - - n/a 745.1 728 707.7
Mar. 3, 2021 806 - - - - - - n/a 742.6 723.6 705.5
Mar. 2, 2021 805 - - - - - - n/a 741.9 722.1 703.6
Mar. 1, 2021 804 - - - - - - n/a 741.4 721.6 704.4

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
Feb. 12, 2021 788 - - - - - - n/a 741.2 721.9 700
Feb. 11, 2021 787 - - - - - - n/a 741.3 722.2 699.1
Feb. 10, 2021 786 - - - - - - n/a 743.6 721.4 698.8
Feb. 9, 2021 785 - - - - - - n/a 742.3 720.6 698.2
Feb. 8, 2021 784 - - - - - - n/a 742 720.8 696.7
Feb. 7, 2021 783 - - - - - - n/a 743.2 722.2 698.8
Feb. 6, 2021 782 - - - - - - n/a 742.3 721.8 698.8
Feb. 5, 2021 781 - - - - - - n/a 742.8 717.4 695.3
Feb. 4, 2021 780 - - - - - - n/a 741.1 718 693.7
Feb. 3, 2021 779 - - - - - - n/a 741.2 721.7 695.4
Feb. 2, 2021 778 - - - - - - n/a 739.5 718.4 695.5

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
Jan. 23, 2021 768 - - - - - - n/a 739.3 718.2 695.9
Jan. 22, 2021 767 - - - - - - n/a 736.6 715.9 692.1
Jan. 21, 2021 766 - - - - - - n/a 734.5 713.6 691.3
Jan. 20, 2021 765 - - - - - - n/a 736 717.4 692.2
Jan. 19, 2021 764 - - - - - - n/a 736.3 714.1 692.9
Jan. 18, 2021 763 - - - - - - n/a 734.8 715 690.3
Jan. 17, 2021 762 - - - - - - n/a 735 713.5 690
Jan. 16, 2021 761 - - - - - - n/a 736.2 713.3 691.4
Jan. 15, 2021 760 - - - - - - n/a 736 716.7 692.2
Jan. 14, 2021 759 - - - - - - n/a 734.5 715.8 691.9
Jan. 13, 2021 758 - - - - - - n/a 733.9 714.6 691.5
Jan. 12, 2021 757 -8.1 C -36.1 C -48.7 C 13.9 4.3 0.3 SW 734 717.1 692.6
Jan. 11, 2021 756 - - - - - - n/a 732.2 713.4 692
Jan. 9, 2021 755 -7.5 C -56.8 C -94.8 C 13.1 4.1 0.2 SW - - -
Jan. 7, 2021 753 - - - - - - n/a 735.4 715.6 690.4
Jan. 6, 2021 752 - - - - - - n/a 736 715.4 691.2
Jan. 5, 2021 751 - - - - - - n/a 734.9 714.6 690.6
Jan. 4, 2021 750 - - - - - - n/a 738.1 717.5 693.3
Jan. 3, 2021 749 - - - - - - n/a 737.1 717.6 691.9
Jan. 2, 2021 748 - - - - - - n/a 733.1 710.7 688.9
Jan. 1, 2021 747 - - - - - - n/a 735.7 716 690.3

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
Dec. 31, 2020 746 - - - - - - n/a 732.5 715.9 692.2
Dec. 30, 2020 745 - - - - - - n/a 732.3 714.7 689.8
Dec. 29, 2020 744 - - - - - - n/a 734.6 718.6 692.4
Dec. 28, 2020 743 - - - - - - n/a 735.4 716.2 691.4
Dec. 27, 2020 742 - - - - - - n/a 735.6 720.1 691.6
Dec. 26, 2020 741 -4.1 C -53.7 C -94.5 C 12.9 4.3 0.2 SW 737 716 692.5
Dec. 25, 2020 740 -2.3 C -62.3 C -94.1 C 13.5 4.2 0.2 WNW 734.2 715.6 688.1
Dec. 24, 2020 739 -12.5 C -57.5 C -94.3 C 14.6 4.8 0.3 WNW 739.2 718.7 693.1
Dec. 23, 2020 738 -9.2 C -66.7 C -93.9 C 16.2 4.9 0.3 WNW 737.4 719.4 689.7
Dec. 22, 2020 737 -7.6 C -60.7 C -93.7 C 15.1 4.7 0.2 WNW 743 721.9 693.5
Dec. 21, 2020 736 -8.8 C -67.6 C -94.5 C 14.6 3.7 0.2 WNW 739.6 720.4 690
Dec. 3, 2020 719 - - - - - - n/a 749.1 718.1 686.3
Dec. 2, 2020 718 - - - - - - n/a 749.8 722.4 688.4
Dec. 1, 2020 717 - - - - - - n/a 751.6 722.5 689

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
Nov. 30, 2020 716 - - - - - - n/a 749.2 723.4 689.5
Nov. 29, 2020 715 - - - - - - n/a 747.7 724.9 691
Nov. 27, 2020 713 - - - - - - n/a 748.2 725.2 690.5
Nov. 26, 2020 712 - - - - - - n/a 749 724.6 688.8
Nov. 25, 2020 711 - - - - - - n/a 749.9 723.4 683.4
Nov. 24, 2020 710 - - - - - - n/a 756.7 723.9 681.3
Nov. 23, 2020 709 - - - - - - n/a 760.7 734.3 678.8
Nov. 22, 2020 708 -8.2 C -62.2 C -93.2 C 20.2 6 0.2 W 769.2 733.7 675.5
Nov. 21, 2020 707 -7.6 C -66 C -93.1 C 16 5.3 0.2 W 768.4 736.4 674.4
Nov. 20, 2020 706 -11.3 C -60.3 C -93.1 C 13.1 4.4 0.2 WNW 764.3 731.1 678.5
Nov. 19, 2020 705 -9.1 C -61.9 C -94.6 C 16.4 4.4 0.2 WNW 766.2 732 686.9
Nov. 18, 2020 704 -8.2 C -62.8 C -97.1 C 14.1 4.4 0.2 W 766.3 735.1 693.9
Nov. 17, 2020 703 -8.9 C -62.2 C -96 C 21.2 5.8 0.2 W 768 737.9 698.8
Nov. 15, 2020 701 - - - - - - n/a 755.2 730.3 704.7
Nov. 14, 2020 700 -13.2 C -62.9 C -96.6 C 20.9 5.7 0.2 WNW 760.9 735.9 708.7
Nov. 13, 2020 699 -9.9 C -62.7 C -97.8 C 14.2 4.2 0.1 WNW 753.6 731.8 705.2
Nov. 12, 2020 698 -14.6 C -69.5 C -96.4 C 23.7 6.2 0.4 W 757.1 736.8 708.1
Nov. 11, 2020 697 - - - - - - n/a 754.1 732.9 710.5
Nov. 10, 2020 696 - - - - - - n/a 756.1 734.6 706.9
Nov. 9, 2020 695 -11.8 C -60 C -96.4 C - - - n/a 757.1 738 713.9
Nov. 8, 2020 694 -9.5 C -56.8 C -104.7 C - - - n/a 753.7 734.6 710
Nov. 7, 2020 693 -12.4 C -67 C -96.7 C 21.9 6.4 0.3 WNW 759.1 738.6 713.2
Nov. 6, 2020 692 -10.5 C -66 C -96.8 C 21.4 5.7 0.2 W 754.6 737.1 711.6
Nov. 5, 2020 691 -16.1 C -61.3 C -97 C 22 7.5 0.8 WNW 758.4 740.8 713.1
Nov. 4, 2020 690 -14.8 C -66.7 C -96.8 C 22.7 7.5 0.9 WNW 756.5 742.1 715.2
Nov. 3, 2020 689 -18.4 C -56.2 C -96.8 C 25.7 8.5 1.3 WNW 763.6 742.6 716
Nov. 2, 2020 688 -12.8 C -67.3 C -95.7 C 17.2 5.5 0.2 WNW 758.6 743.7 717.5
Nov. 1, 2020 687 - - - - - - n/a 755.6 738.6 714

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
Oct. 31, 2020 686 - - - - - - n/a 756.9 743.5 717.9
Oct. 30, 2020 685 -11.9 C -57.7 C -97.2 C 18.3 6 0.2 WNW 757.6 739.5 715.8
Oct. 29, 2020 684 -17.9 C -62.4 C -95.5 C - - - n/a 762.1 744.1 718.7
Oct. 25, 2020 681 -4.4 C -62.4 C -95.4 C 18.6 5.6 0.2 WNW 760.2 743.6 718.5
Oct. 20, 2020 676 -16.5 C -66.8 C -96.9 C 26.9 8.9 1.1 W 767.1 750.3 722.6
Oct. 19, 2020 675 -15.9 C -63.3 C -96.9 C 22.5 7.3 1.1 WNW 768.8 751.5 722.8
Oct. 18, 2020 674 -7.4 C -57.6 C -96 C 18.5 5.4 0.2 WNW 765 746.6 722.4
Oct. 17, 2020 673 -9.9 C -62.4 C -96.7 C 18.9 5.6 0.2 WNW 766.4 747.7 721.1
Oct. 16, 2020 672 -6.5 C -67.5 C -96.8 C 16 4.7 0.2 WNW 766.2 749.1 723.3
Oct. 15, 2020 671 -8.5 C -62.8 C -96 C 19.1 5.7 0.2 WNW 764.1 748.3 722.8
Oct. 14, 2020 670 -15.8 C -60.7 C -95.8 C 23.1 7.9 0.5 WNW 771.5 750.9 723.9
Oct. 13, 2020 669 -15.9 C -64.6 C -95.6 C 22.3 8 0.5 WNW 770.5 755.7 724.3
Oct. 12, 2020 668 -15 C -59.9 C -96.8 C 22.1 7.4 0.3 WNW 770.3 753 727.1
Oct. 11, 2020 667 -9.2 C -65 C -96.8 C 18.1 6 0.3 W 768.7 754.1 726.2
Oct. 10, 2020 666 -14.1 C -59.6 C -96.5 C 20.4 6.1 0.3 WNW 771.2 749.6 726.2
Oct. 9, 2020 665 -10.8 C -65.6 C -95.9 C 15 5.3 0.3 WNW 766.4 751.2 728
Oct. 8, 2020 664 -10.8 C -57.4 C -96.4 C 18.6 6 0.2 WNW 771.6 753.2 726.9
Oct. 7, 2020 663 -16.6 C -62.4 C -96.7 C 23.4 8 0.8 WNW 775.2 756.9 728.8
Oct. 6, 2020 662 -15.3 C -62.9 C -97.1 C 22.5 8 0.3 WNW 777.4 758.5 729.5
Oct. 5, 2020 661 -13.4 C -61.4 C -96.5 C 21.6 6.6 0.2 WNW 775.5 757.7 731.4
Oct. 4, 2020 660 -10.7 C -63.2 C -96 C 17.2 5.3 0.3 WNW 773.8 755.8 728.2
Oct. 3, 2020 659 -10.8 C -62.8 C -96.5 C 16.2 5.1 0.2 WNW 777.9 757.9 729
Oct. 2, 2020 658 -14.6 C -64.2 C -96.6 C 21.6 5.4 0.2 WNW 776.3 758 730
Oct. 1, 2020 657 -18 C -63.3 C -97.2 C 23.1 7.9 0.5 WNW 781.2 760.2 731.9

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
Sep. 30, 2020 656 -19.6 C -63.9 C -97.3 C 21.9 8.6 1.1 WNW 783 765.1 735.9
Sep. 29, 2020 655 -18 C -63.5 C -95.3 C 21.2 8.6 1.5 WNW 783.3 766.1 734.2
Sep. 28, 2020 654 -15.5 C -62.9 C -95.8 C 20.8 6.8 0.8 WNW 779.4 763.2 735.7
Sep. 27, 2020 653 -10.6 C -68.3 C -96.3 C 18 6 0.2 W 780.8 763.7 735.6
Sep. 26, 2020 652 -15.6 C -63.4 C -96.1 C 18.6 6.4 0.3 WNW 779.1 762.2 734.8
Sep. 25, 2020 651 -15.9 C -62 C -96.7 C 20.3 7 0.2 WNW 781.5 764.7 736.8
Sep. 24, 2020 650 -17.5 C -62.3 C -95.9 C 22.8 8.3 1.6 WNW 785.6 768.2 737.7
Sep. 23, 2020 649 -19.2 C -63.1 C -95.7 C 22 8.4 1.6 WNW 785.1 768 739.1
Sep. 22, 2020 648 -16.9 C -59.4 C -97.1 C 20.3 8 1.9 WNW 786.8 766.5 739.6
Sep. 21, 2020 647 -14.9 C -56.3 C -96.1 C 18.5 7 0.8 WNW 785 764.7 738.2
Sep. 19, 2020 646 -15.6 C -55.5 C -96 C 18.9 7.2 0.8 WNW 785.7 764.8 738.1
Sep. 18, 2020 645 -15.2 C -67.4 C -95.6 C 19.3 7.1 0.2 WNW 787.4 770.7 740.8
Sep. 17, 2020 644 -14.3 C -69 C -96 C 18.7 6.2 0.2 WNW 785.7 769.5 738.8
Sep. 16, 2020 643 -15 C -62 C -95.7 C 19.9 7.2 0.5 WNW 790.2 768.6 738.8
Sep. 15, 2020 642 -15.6 C -62.3 C -94.7 C 19 7.2 0.7 WNW 788.9 769.8 740.2
Sep. 14, 2020 641 -12.6 C -62.2 C -95.4 C 16.8 5.9 0.2 WNW 791.1 770.3 739.8
Sep. 13, 2020 640 -7.4 C -68.5 C -94.8 C 15.9 5 0.2 WNW 791.2 773.3 741.9
Sep. 12, 2020 639 -10.4 C -61 C -95.6 C 16.6 5.1 0.2 WNW 791.4 771 740.6
Sep. 11, 2020 638 -14.9 C -62.5 C -94.7 C - - - n/a 791.2 771.6 741.5
Sep. 9, 2020 636 -17.1 C -61.5 C -94.6 C 20.9 7.2 0.5 WNW 793.1 774.2 743.4
Sep. 8, 2020 635 -16.5 C -62.3 C -95.2 C 20.7 7.8 0.5 WNW 795.7 776.2 745.1
Sep. 7, 2020 634 -16.1 C -61.1 C -94.6 C 17.9 6.7 0.5 WNW 793.7 775.8 746.4

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
Aug. 15, 2020 611 -15.9 C -61.3 C -93.8 C 18 7.3 0.3 WNW 807.5 788.3 756
Aug. 13, 2020 610 -16.8 C -62.4 C -93.8 C 16.6 6.7 0.2 WNW 809 790.6 754.8
Aug. 12, 2020 609 -18.2 C -62.2 C -93.4 C 20.1 7.8 0.5 WNW 810.8 790.4 754.2
Aug. 11, 2020 608 -19.5 C -62.5 C -93 C 23.8 8.5 1.8 WNW 811.9 791 754.3
Aug. 10, 2020 607 -18.9 C -64.3 C -93.1 C 21.4 8.2 1.6 WNW 809.8 788.4 753.8
Aug. 9, 2020 606 -18.7 C -61.7 C -94.1 C 23.9 8 0.8 WNW 809.7 790.7 753
Aug. 8, 2020 605 -18.4 C -65.7 C -92.7 C 22.5 8.3 1.9 WNW 811.5 790.4 756.8
Aug. 7, 2020 604 -16.3 C -57.8 C -91.5 C 20.2 8.2 0.5 WNW 810 788.5 756.2
Aug. 6, 2020 603 -42.4 C -70.9 C -114 C 17.2 6.6 0.2 WNW 811.1 791.6 754.7
Aug. 5, 2020 602 -9.5 C -58.3 C -91.5 C 17 5.3 0.2 WNW 807.1 787.1 753.7
Aug. 4, 2020 601 -10.6 C -57.9 C -91.6 C 16 5.4 0.2 WNW 809.4 783.8 751.6
Aug. 3, 2020 600 -5.7 C -55 C -107.6 C 15.2 5.6 0.2 W 809.1 788.1 753.8
Aug. 2, 2020 599 -42.6 C -75.9 C -91.8 C 15.6 5.1 0.2 WNW 806.3 787.5 751.1
Aug. 1, 2020 598 -15.1 C -61 C -91.6 C 19.2 6.7 0.2 WNW 804 784.9 751.6

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
July 31, 2020 597 -16.9 C -61.9 C -91 C 20.2 7.8 0.7 WNW 807.5 787.8 753.6
July 30, 2020 596 -15.4 C -65.1 C -90.7 C 19.9 7.7 0.3 WNW 805.8 790.3 755.4
July 29, 2020 595 -12.9 C -66.3 C -91.9 C 18.2 7 0.5 WNW 807.9 790.9 753.7
July 28, 2020 594 -16.6 C -59.5 C -91.8 C 20.7 7.8 1.6 WNW 806.5 785.1 751.5
July 27, 2020 593 -16 C -61 C -91.8 C 18.8 6.7 0.2 WNW 806.3 784.8 751.2
July 26, 2020 592 -15.1 C -62 C -92 C 17.8 7 0.3 WNW 805.9 787.1 750.9
July 25, 2020 591 -15.5 C -60.3 C -91.2 C 19 7.5 0.2 WNW 808.7 786.4 750.6
July 24, 2020 590 -13.8 C -59.5 C -90 C 17.9 6.6 0.2 WNW 807.6 785.5 748.7
July 23, 2020 589 -13.1 C -57.8 C -90.1 C 16.1 5.6 0.2 WNW 806.8 783.5 747.9
July 22, 2020 588 -11 C -59.8 C -89.2 C 18.9 5.6 0.2 WNW 805.1 783.7 745.4
July 21, 2020 587 -9.8 C -60.4 C -89.2 C 14.1 5 0.2 WNW 804.3 780.7 744.7
July 20, 2020 586 -7.1 C -59.5 C -131.8 C 13.2 3.8 0.2 WNW 804.6 782.1 742.3
July 19, 2020 585 -12 C -54.9 C -89.2 C 18.9 5.8 0.2 W 804 779.2 742.7
July 18, 2020 584 -12.3 C -57.4 C -89.1 C 16 5.8 0.2 WNW 805 780.7 742.9
July 17, 2020 583 -7.2 C -63 C -89 C 13.4 5.2 0.2 WNW 802.7 779 741.3
July 16, 2020 582 -4.6 C -59.1 C -89.1 C 13.7 4.7 0.2 WNW 800.9 779.3 740.5
July 15, 2020 581 -10.1 C -56.6 C -88.7 C 16.2 6 0.2 WNW 802.4 777.1 740
July 14, 2020 580 -8.4 C -59.6 C -88.8 C 15.4 6 0.2 WNW 801.1 776.7 740.3
July 13, 2020 579 -3.7 C -57.4 C -88.5 C 14.8 4.8 0.2 WNW 798.3 776 737.9
July 12, 2020 578 -5.2 C -60.1 C -88.3 C 13.4 4.9 0.2 WNW 799.1 776.5 736.6

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
June 29, 2020 566 -4.2 C -57.1 C -88.4 C 16.8 5.1 0.2 WNW 800.6 766.9 721.1
June 28, 2020 565 -5 C -56.4 C -89.6 C 17.6 4.5 0.3 WNW 797.1 765 721.1
June 27, 2020 564 -4.3 C -56.4 C -89.3 C 15.4 4.7 0.2 WNW 794.3 766.9 724.3
June 26, 2020 563 -3.9 C -53.6 C -89.5 C 18.5 5 0.2 WNW 789.5 758.2 724.3
June 25, 2020 562 -13.3 C -59.3 C -89.5 C 23 7 0.5 WNW 795.2 767.7 729.5
June 24, 2020 561 -2.9 C -56.2 C -89.7 C 17.8 5.4 0.2 WNW 783.3 761.3 729
June 23, 2020 560 -11.5 C -59.5 C -91.4 C 19.4 6.4 0.2 WNW 790.2 763.5 726.2
June 22, 2020 559 -2.8 C -57.9 C -90.7 C 14.8 4.6 0.2 WNW 781.5 757.3 725.9
June 21, 2020 558 -4.9 C -58.8 C -91 C 17.4 4.6 0.2 WNW 782.2 756.4 721.1
June 20, 2020 557 -1 C -62 C -92.1 C 13.6 3.8 0.2 WNW 772.2 751.8 719.7
June 19, 2020 556 -6.5 C -58.8 C -90.8 C 21.3 6.4 0.2 WNW 774.5 748 719.5
June 18, 2020 555 -3.5 C -55.3 C -91 C 19.3 5.4 0.2 WNW 770.1 749.7 720.4
June 17, 2020 554 -4 C -57 C -92.4 C 17.1 5.7 0.2 WNW 768.1 750.5 715.3
June 16, 2020 553 0 C -56.2 C -91.2 C 17.1 5.4 0.2 WNW 768.9 749.3 719.4
June 15, 2020 552 -1.9 C -56.1 C -91.2 C 15.9 4.5 0.2 WNW 765.1 743.8 711.9
June 14, 2020 551 -1.3 C -58 C -92.3 C 16.3 4.2 0.2 WNW 764.4 743.6 711
June 13, 2020 550 0.9 C -59.1 C -92.1 C 20.7 4.5 0.2 WNW 763.4 744.5 710.8
June 12, 2020 549 -1.5 C -61.9 C -91.9 C 18.2 4.2 0.2 SW 760.7 738.7 708.9
June 11, 2020 548 -2.8 C -57.6 C -91.2 C 20.1 4.9 0.2 WNW 763.2 741.1 711.5
June 10, 2020 547 -1 C -58.2 C -92.2 C 14.2 4.2 0.2 WNW 759.6 739.6 712.5
June 9, 2020 546 -6.6 C -64.9 C -92.7 C 25.1 6.4 0.2 WNW 758.6 741.1 709.5
June 8, 2020 545 -4.9 C -58.3 C -92.5 C 20.3 5.8 0.2 WNW 754.8 738.7 715
June 7, 2020 544 -6.1 C -66.9 C -92 C 22.9 6.2 0.4 WNW 752.9 736.5 708.9
June 6, 2020 543 -6.6 C -53 C -92.9 C 21 7.2 0.3 WNW 750.5 735.9 710.6
June 5, 2020 542 0 -62.7 C -92.2 C 18.3 5 0.3 WNW 746.5 727 703.3
June 4, 2020 541 -1.6 C -55.8 C -91.8 C 17.7 5.1 0.2 WNW 747.8 728.1 702.3
June 3, 2020 540 1.6 C -55.5 C -92.2 C 20.3 4.9 0.3 WNW 745.5 725.5 700.6
June 2, 2020 539 -4.5 C -53.9 C -92.5 C 21.1 6.6 0.3 WNW 746.6 724.7 699.6
June 1, 2020 538 -3.5 C -57 C -92 C 17.8 5.7 0.2 WNW 745.3 723.9 699.7

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
May 30, 2020 537 -0.8 C -54.6 C -92.7 C 19.5 4.7 0.3 WNW 741.7 719.2 695.7
May 29, 2020 536 -7.3 C -62.9 C -91.5 C 20 5.9 0.3 SW 743.6 724.2 695.1
May 28, 2020 535 -2.7 C -54 C -91.3 C 16.7 5.1 0.3 SW 739.9 719.3 695.7
May 27, 2020 534 0.9 C -57.4 C -92.8 C 18.8 4.6 0.2 WNW 738.9 716.5 690.7
May 26, 2020 533 -6.7 C -56.5 C -92.8 C 21.3 6 0.3 WNW 738.8 717.3 692.1
May 25, 2020 532 -1.1 C -54.6 C -93.1 C 17.7 4.8 0.3 SW 735.2 714 691
May 24, 2020 531 -6.1 C -57.3 C -93.5 C 21.7 5.8 0.3 WNW 735.1 713.6 688.4
May 23, 2020 530 0.4 C -64.7 C -92.6 C 17.4 4.7 0.3 SW 732.7 713.8 689
May 22, 2020 529 0.6 C -57 C -93.2 C 15.5 4.6 0.2 WNW 731 708.9 683.4
May 21, 2020 528 -5.3 C -55 C -93.5 C 23.6 6.3 0.3 WNW 731.8 709.5 686.4
May 20, 2020 527 0.8 C -55.9 C -93 C 18.9 4.5 0.3 WNW 725.5 707.5 684.8
May 19, 2020 526 -1.8 C -56.4 C -94 C 19.6 4.9 0.3 WNW 728.1 705.2 681.2
May 18, 2020 525 -0.4 C -57.2 C -93.6 C 18.5 4.8 0.3 WNW 727.7 707.3 681.1
May 17, 2020 524 0.5 C -54.7 C -92.5 C 15.3 4.6 0.3 SW 724.9 701.6 677.7
May 16, 2020 523 -2.2 C -57.4 C -93.2 C 18.2 4.8 0.2 WNW 724.2 703.2 676
May 15, 2020 522 -1.7 C -56.6 C -93.2 C 18.8 4.9 0.2 WNW 722.5 699.9 675.8
May 14, 2020 521 -1.1 C -64.8 C -93.2 C 18.3 4.5 0.2 SW 720.2 700.3 672.2
May 13, 2020 520 -1.4 C -56.3 C -92.9 C 19.5 4.7 0.2 SW 720.4 695.9 672
May 12, 2020 519 -0.3 C -62.7 C -92.3 C 15.8 4.5 0.2 SW 718 697.7 670.7
May 11, 2020 518 -0.9 C -55.1 C -93.3 C 16 4.7 0.3 SW 717.5 692.2 667.3
May 10, 2020 517 1.2 C -56.4 C -92.6 C 17.5 4.4 0.2 SW 716.1 692.2 668.2
May 9, 2020 516 1.4 C -54.8 C -93.2 C 13.8 4.5 0.2 SW 714.2 689.7 665.4
May 8, 2020 515 -4.4 C -58 C -93.8 C 19 4.5 0.2 SW 714.3 687.9 663.8
May 7, 2020 514 -2.8 C -51.7 C -92.3 C 16.8 4.5 0.3 WNW 712.5 687.7 663.4
May 6, 2020 513 -0.1 C -56.1 C -93 C 16.2 4.6 0.2 SW 711.1 683.7 660.2
May 5, 2020 512 -3.1 C -56.4 C -92.9 C 19.2 4.7 0.3 SW 709.1 683.9 659.2
May 4, 2020 511 -3.6 C -57.8 C -93.2 C 16.8 4.7 0.3 WNW 707.8 682.9 658.1
May 3, 2020 510 -1.5 C -57.6 C -93 C 16 4.5 0.2 WNW 706.5 681.5 656.5
May 2, 2020 509 -2.2 C -57.7 C -93.2 C 17.9 4.8 0.2 SW 709.3 681.1 656
May 1, 2020 508 -2.4 C -57.9 C -92.2 C 15.8 4.5 0.2 WNW 708.5 680 654.7

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
Apr. 30, 2020 507 -2.4 C -55.3 C -92.1 C 18.2 4.8 0.2 SW 707.2 677.8 653.2
Apr. 29, 2020 506 -3.7 C -58.1 C -93.5 C 15.6 4.5 0.2 WNW 705.1 677.2 651.7
Apr. 28, 2020 505 -6.6 C -65.1 C -93.8 C 13.2 4.2 0.4 WNW 689.2 669.9 652
Apr. 27, 2020 504 -6.7 C -64.1 C -93.6 C 15 4.6 0.3 SW 700.5 675.9 650.9
Apr. 26, 2020 503 -4.9 C -57.2 C -93.8 C 17.5 4.6 0.2 WNW 700 673.4 650.2
Apr. 25, 2020 502 -4.9 C -58.3 C -94 C 14.8 4.5 0.2 SW 699.6 673.2 650.1
Apr. 23, 2020 501 -4.3 C -61.2 C -93.5 C 18.8 4.5 0.2 SW 697.5 669.1 647.3
Apr. 22, 2020 500 -3.5 C -58.9 C -93.8 C 19.4 4.4 0.2 WNW 697.2 669.3 645.8
Apr. 21, 2020 499 -3.6 C -60.4 C -94.4 C 17 4.5 0.3 SW 693.3 668.5 645.4
Apr. 20, 2020 498 -5.6 C -58.9 C -94.3 C 17 4.6 0.3 SW 694.2 665.9 645.9
Apr. 19, 2020 497 -4.1 C -59.2 C -94.3 C 16.6 4.4 0.2 SW 690.2 666.6 644.1
Apr. 18, 2020 496 -6.2 C -61.7 C -94.6 C 15.7 4.6 0.3 SW 688.4 664.8 641.4
Apr. 17, 2020 495 -4.2 C -59.1 C -94 C 16.7 4.6 0.2 WNW 689 663.2 640.2
Apr. 16, 2020 494 -3.7 C -59.4 C -95.4 C 16.5 4.6 0.3 WNW 687.9 662.6 639.3
Apr. 15, 2020 493 -5.3 C -59.6 C -94.8 C 17.1 4.8 0.2 WNW 688.6 661.3 637.3
Apr. 14, 2020 492 -5.5 C -59.4 C -94.4 C 14.9 4.8 0.2 WNW 689.8 658.5 636.4
Apr. 13, 2020 491 -3.6 C -59.1 C -93.2 C 16.9 4.8 0.2 WNW 688.7 660.3 635.2
Apr. 12, 2020 490 -4.9 C -60.6 C -94.3 C 15.3 4.8 0.3 WNW 687.5 659.3 634
Apr. 11, 2020 489 -6.5 C -54.6 C -93.5 C 17.4 4.8 0.3 WNW 685.4 658.6 634.1
Apr. 10, 2020 488 -19.7 C -70.8 C -93.8 C 13 4.6 0.3 WNW 685.2 662.8 634.6
Apr. 9, 2020 487 -6.6 C -58.3 C -93.5 C 15.7 4.9 0.3 WNW 681.1 655.4 632.3
Apr. 8, 2020 486 -5.3 C -65.3 C -94.7 C 17 5 0.2 SW 680.8 657.3 630.7
Apr. 7, 2020 485 -7 C -59.4 C -93.4 C 21.4 5.1 0.3 WNW 678.6 654.5 630
Apr. 6, 2020 484 -7 C -58.4 C -94.3 C 18.3 5.1 0.2 WNW 679.3 652.9 627.9
Apr. 5, 2020 483 -8.4 C -59.8 C -94.8 C 20 5.4 0.2 WNW 679.1 652.3 626
Apr. 4, 2020 482 -6.1 C -62.3 C -93.1 C 17.2 4.4 0.2 WNW 679.2 653.1 625.4
Apr. 3, 2020 481 -5.9 C -59.8 C -93.9 C 18.3 5.3 0.3 WNW 679 650.4 624.2
Apr. 2, 2020 480 -6.7 C -65.4 C -93 C 17.2 5.5 0.3 WNW 678.1 651.6 623.5
Apr. 1, 2020 479 -8 C -66 C -93.8 C 19.6 5.6 0.2 SW 676.7 651.1 622.6

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
Mar. 31, 2020 478 -8.5 C -59.6 C -93.3 C 18.2 5.7 0.2 WNW 676.8 647.2 622.4
Mar. 30, 2020 477 -6.5 C -59.4 C -93 C 19.3 5.7 0.3 WNW 675.2 646.7 621.6
Mar. 29, 2020 476 -7.2 C -57.2 C -92.7 C 18.8 5.9 0.3 WNW 673.1 646.3 620
Mar. 28, 2020 475 -7.7 C -77.3 C -94.6 C 19.5 5.5 0.3 SSW 674.3 648 619.3
Mar. 27, 2020 474 -7.3 C -65.7 C -94 C 20 5.4 0.2 WNW 672.8 644.3 618.3
Mar. 26, 2020 473 -8.4 C -60.8 C -94.1 C 21.5 5.6 0.2 WNW 671.7 642.7 616.3
Mar. 25, 2020 472 -7.8 C -52.9 C -94.2 C 20.2 5.9 0.2 WNW 669.9 640 616
Mar. 24, 2020 471 -7.1 C -58.4 C -94.9 C 21.1 5.6 0.2 WNW 670 640.8 614.6
Mar. 23, 2020 470 -7.7 C -66.6 C -95.6 C 20.6 5.7 0.2 WNW 668 640.1 613.8
Mar. 9, 2020 457 -9.1 C -59.1 C -95.7 C 21 6 0.2 SSE 661.1 633.5 604.9
Mar. 8, 2020 456 -9.6 C -61.5 C -94.6 C 20.2 5.8 0.2 SSE 661.1 633.9 604.4
Mar. 7, 2020 455 -12.8 C -64 C -95.4 C 20.7 5.3 0.3 WNW 661.6 632.3 605.5
Mar. 6, 2020 454 -12.5 C -61.7 C -95.9 C 25.2 5.7 0.2 SSE 660.3 633.9 606.5
Mar. 5, 2020 453 -10.8 C -59.8 C -95.1 C 21.4 6 0.3 SSW 657.5 631.9 605.3
Mar. 4, 2020 452 -9.2 C -58.7 C -94.2 C 19.6 5.9 0.2 SSW 655.3 630.6 605.4
Mar. 3, 2020 451 -10.3 C -62.2 C -93.6 C 21.5 6.1 0.2 SSE 656.4 631.3 604.8
Mar. 2, 2020 450 -10.4 C -63.4 C -93.5 C 23 5.4 0.2 SSW 655.2 630.2 603.8
Mar. 1, 2020 449 -11.3 C -57.2 C -93.6 C 23.9 6.2 0.3 SSW 654 628.7 603.6

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
Feb. 29, 2020 448 -8.3 C -64 C -94.1 C 23.3 5.6 0.2 SSW 652.6 628.4 603.7
Feb. 28, 2020 447 -11.1 C -59.7 C -92.6 C 20.2 5.9 0.3 WNW 653.6 630.3 603.1
Feb. 27, 2020 446 -10.9 C -57.4 C -93.6 C 20.6 5.7 0.2 WNW 654.7 629.5 603.2
Feb. 26, 2020 445 -12.8 C -65 C -92.8 C 21.1 5.4 0.3 W 653.8 630.5 601.8
Feb. 25, 2020 444 -12 C -67.2 C -93.8 C 21.2 5.8 0.2 SSW 651.4 631.2 600.2
Feb. 24, 2020 443 -12.3 C -61.3 C -94.8 C 22.2 5.9 0.2 WNW 650.9 629.2 600.2
Feb. 23, 2020 442 -10.5 C -67.2 C -94.1 C 21.1 5.4 0.2 WNW 654.9 629.9 602
Feb. 22, 2020 441 -13.5 C -62.1 C -95.1 C 21 5.5 0.2 W 655.6 629 601.1
Feb. 21, 2020 440 -13 C -64.1 C -95.2 C 23.7 6 0.2 W 654 627.2 601.5
Feb. 20, 2020 439 -9.3 C -59.3 C -94.6 C 23.2 5.8 0.2 W 650.9 627.8 601.2
Feb. 19, 2020 438 -10 C -61.3 C -95.4 C 22.5 5.5 0.3 WNW 650.9 628.7 603.2
Feb. 18, 2020 437 -9.9 C -61.8 C -94.7 C 21.6 5.9 0.3 W 652.2 630 603.4
Feb. 17, 2020 436 -10.3 C -63.2 C -94.4 C 21.5 5.6 0.3 W 652.9 628.7 602
Feb. 16, 2020 435 -10.2 C -59.5 C -93.8 C 23 7.3 0.2 SSE 652.7 629.6 600.5
Feb. 15, 2020 434 -7.3 C -57.4 C -94.5 C 22 5.6 0.2 W 652.1 627.8 602.1
Feb. 14, 2020 433 -8.9 C -61.1 C -94.2 C 21.6 6.1 0.2 W 653.6 631.1 601.9
Feb. 13, 2020 432 -9.4 C -61.3 C -94.2 C 21.1 5.9 0.2 W 652.9 631.6 601
Feb. 12, 2020 431 -11.9 C -60.4 C -93.9 C 21.6 5 0.3 W 652.1 626.9 601
Feb. 11, 2020 430 -13 C -61.2 C -93.3 C 21.6 5.9 0.2 W 651.2 628.8 600.5
Feb. 10, 2020 429 -10.4 C -59.4 C -94.8 C 26.3 6.2 0.2 W 651.1 625.4 600.6
Feb. 8, 2020 428 -8.7 C -62.1 C -91.6 C 25.4 5.9 0.3 WNW 648 628.8 602.2
Feb. 7, 2020 427 -9.8 C -60.6 C -91.7 C 25 6 0.3 WNW 647.4 627.7 600.7
Feb. 6, 2020 426 -9.1 C -66.2 C -91.6 C 22.6 5.5 0.2 WNW 648.4 630 601.2
Feb. 5, 2020 425 -11.1 C -59.6 C -90.6 C 21.3 5.5 0.2 SSE 649.8 627.7 602.2
Feb. 4, 2020 424 -12.6 C -57.5 C -91.9 C 22.9 5.7 0.2 SSE 647.4 627.4 602.4
Feb. 3, 2020 423 -9.7 C -64.2 C -92.2 C 20.5 4.5 0.2 W 645.4 627.1 602.3
Feb. 2, 2020 422 -13.1 C -50.9 C -90.2 C 22.1 6.1 0.2 SSE 646.4 624.4 602.2
Feb. 1, 2020 421 -13.8 C -56.5 C -93.1 C 21 5.4 0.3 SSE 646.1 626.8 602.7

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
Jan. 31, 2020 420 -13.7 C -66.7 C -93.7 C 18.5 4.8 0.2 W 645.9 630.6 603.4
Jan. 30, 2020 419 -12.5 C -61.2 C -96.1 C 20.2 5.1 0.2 W 642.7 628.6 605.5
Jan. 29, 2020 418 -15.6 C -57.9 C -94.1 C 22 5.9 0.2 SSW 640.6 628 604.5
Jan. 28, 2020 417 -15.3 C -61.2 C -94 C 23.6 6 0.3 W 642 631.5 606.4
Jan. 27, 2020 416 -14.5 C -67.6 C -93.9 C 23.3 5.5 0.2 S 644.7 629.5 607.3
Jan. 26, 2020 415 -14.3 C -64 C -95.1 C 23.2 5.9 0.2 W 646.2 631.5 609.4
Jan. 25, 2020 414 -15.9 C -62.6 C -95.7 C 21.3 4.8 0.3 W 644.6 630.5 609.3
Jan. 24, 2020 413 -16 C -62.2 C -96.5 C 19.8 5.5 0.2 SSE 644.5 632 609.6
Jan. 23, 2020 412 -14.5 C -63.9 C -96.9 C 19.7 5.5 0.2 S 645.6 633 610.9
Jan. 22, 2020 411 -16.7 C -63.4 C -96.4 C 22.7 5.2 0.2 S 646 633.2 613.4
Jan. 21, 2020 410 -12.5 C -68.2 C -97.5 C 19.7 5 0.2 S 642.5 634.1 613
Jan. 20, 2020 409 -15.4 C -62.9 C -98.6 C 21 5.1 0.2 S 644.2 632.5 613.7
Jan. 19, 2020 408 -16 C -63.9 C -97.1 C 20.7 5.4 0.2 SSE 645.1 634 615.1
Jan. 18, 2020 407 -16.5 C -64.5 C -99.5 C 22.2 4.9 0.2 WNW 646.5 634 616.1
Jan. 17, 2020 406 -17.1 C -63.3 C -100 C 20.7 5.2 0.2 SSE 648.4 634.4 616
Jan. 16, 2020 405 -16.8 C -64.1 C -102.5 C 23.1 5.5 0.2 SSE 651 635.8 616.8
Jan. 15, 2020 404 -16.8 C -66 C -99.5 C 19.8 5.1 0.2 SW 652.4 636.1 617.7
Jan. 14, 2020 403 -16.9 C -62.4 C -101.3 C 21 5.7 0.2 SSE 653.5 636.9 618.2
Jan. 13, 2020 402 -16.8 C -65.5 C -100 C 21.1 5.4 0.2 SSE 653.7 637.8 618
Jan. 12, 2020 401 -17 C -64.8 C -100.2 C - - - n/a 653.3 638.3 620.8
Jan. 11, 2020 400 -15.7 C -66.6 C -99.1 C 23 6.3 0.2 SE 653.3 640.1 620.6
Jan. 10, 2020 399 -17.5 C -61.6 C -97.8 C 22.5 6.4 0.2 SE 652.7 638.2 620.8
Jan. 9, 2020 398 -16.8 C -68.7 C -100.6 C 24.4 6.7 0.2 SE 652.6 640.8 621.7
Jan. 8, 2020 397 -15.7 C -67.3 C -100.1 C 27 6.5 0.2 SE 654.1 640.3 622.6
Jan. 7, 2020 396 -18.2 C -70.8 C -100.1 C 21.9 6 0.2 SW 656.2 641.8 624.5
Jan. 6, 2020 395 -17.8 C -62.3 C -99.6 C 20.3 6.2 0.2 SE 654.8 641.1 624.8
Jan. 5, 2020 394 -17.7 C -63.3 C -99 C 23.3 6.6 0.2 SE 656.8 643.4 625
Jan. 4, 2020 393 -17.6 C -68.8 C -97.7 C 21.6 5.5 0.2 SSW 656.3 643.2 625
Jan. 2, 2020 392 -17.7 C -66 C -98.2 C 20.6 6.1 0.2 SSE 657.2 644.2 625.7
Jan. 1, 2020 391 -17.6 C -60.6 C -99 C 21.9 5.7 0.2 SE 657.2 642.9 627.5

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
Dec. 31, 2019 390 -17.8 C -65.8 C -100.2 C 27.8 5.8 0.2 SSE 657.9 644.3 628
Dec. 30, 2019 389 -18.6 C -60.4 C -99.2 C 23.1 5.9 0.2 SSE 658.3 642.6 628.6
Dec. 29, 2019 388 -17.3 C -65.9 C -98.9 C 22.7 5.7 0.2 SSE 659.3 643.3 630.3
Dec. 28, 2019 387 -18.4 C -65.8 C -98.6 C 21 5.7 0.2 SSE 659.3 647.6 630
Dec. 27, 2019 386 -18 C -62 C -97.3 C - - - n/a 659.7 644.9 630.5
Dec. 26, 2019 385 -18.6 C -60 C -96.4 C 21.2 6.4 0.2 SSE 661.6 646.4 631.2
Dec. 25, 2019 384 -22.4 C -72.2 C -96.5 C 21.5 4.9 0.2 SSE 662 649.8 631.2
Dec. 24, 2019 383 -18.5 C -67.5 C -98.1 C 24.3 5.6 0.2 SSE 662.3 647.5 632.9
Dec. 23, 2019 382 -16.4 C -62.3 C -96.9 C 20.2 6 0.2 SSE 663.8 649 634.4
Dec. 22, 2019 381 -19.5 C -61.9 C -98 C 21.7 5.7 0.2 SSE 663.4 648 634.9
Dec. 21, 2019 380 -20.6 C -62.6 C -97.9 C 21.5 6.3 0.2 SSE 664.5 649.8 633.7
Dec. 20, 2019 379 -20 C -67.8 C -96.3 C 20.7 5.3 0.2 SSE 663.3 651.2 635.4
Dec. 19, 2019 378 -20 C -65.8 C -97.7 C 23.8 5.7 0.2 SSE 665.3 653.4 636.2
Dec. 18, 2019 377 -19.9 C -59.3 C -97.5 C 21 6.4 0.2 SSE 665.5 649.8 636.3
Dec. 17, 2019 376 -19.3 C -65.6 C -98.2 C 20.8 5.7 0.2 SSE 665.8 652.3 637.5
Dec. 16, 2019 375 -19.8 C -69.9 C -97.5 C 22.1 5.6 0.2 SW 667.5 654.7 638.4
Dec. 15, 2019 374 -21.2 C -65.4 C -97.3 C 22 5.6 0.2 SSE 668.4 654.1 639.4
Dec. 14, 2019 373 -20.1 C -71.6 C -98.1 C 19.7 5 0.2 SW 668.7 656.8 640.2
Dec. 13, 2019 372 -21.2 C -66.3 C -97.2 C 20.2 6 0.2 SSE 670.2 656.8 640.3
Dec. 12, 2019 371 -19.8 C -65.2 C -96.6 C 21 5.6 0.2 SE 671.8 657.7 641.8
Dec. 11, 2019 370 -19.5 C -69.7 C -99 C 19.6 5.1 0.2 SSE 672.1 658.2 642.8
Dec. 10, 2019 369 -21.2 C -67.6 C -98.2 C 19.7 5.3 0.2 SSE 673 659.6 644.8
Dec. 9, 2019 368 -20.9 C -66.2 C -100 C 20.9 4.9 0.2 SSE 673.8 660.4 646
Dec. 8, 2019 367 -20.9 C -71.1 C -139.9 C 21.9 5.2 0.2 SSE 672.8 661 646.1
Dec. 7, 2019 366 -20.4 C -61.5 C -98.9 C 20.4 5.6 0.2 SSE 674.7 660.9 646.4
Dec. 6, 2019 365 -21.5 C -66.9 C -98.8 C 20.2 5.1 0.2 SSW 676.5 662.5 647.2
Dec. 5, 2019 364 -20.3 C -66.6 C -99.9 C 21.7 5.3 0.2 SSE 678.1 663.5 646.6
Dec. 4, 2019 363 -21.1 C -66.4 C -99.8 C 20.3 5.3 0.2 SSE 678.8 664.5 649.5
Dec. 3, 2019 362 -21.2 C -64.2 C -98.5 C 20 5.1 0.2 SSE 679.4 665.2 650.2
Dec. 2, 2019 361 -21.2 C -66.7 C -98.2 C 18.9 5.3 0.2 SSE 682 666.3 651.1
Dec. 1, 2019 360 -20.6 C -68.3 C -100.1 C 19.9 4.9 0.2 SSE 682.3 667.5 651.7

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
Nov. 30, 2019 359 -21.8 C -61.2 C -99.3 C 23.3 5.5 0.2 SSE 682 666.9 652.8
Nov. 29, 2019 358 -21.5 C -68.4 C -100.1 C 19.5 5 0.2 SSE 683.9 669.2 653.6
Nov. 28, 2019 357 -20.8 C -65.2 C -101 C 20.7 5.4 0.2 SSE 684.8 669.3 654.7
Nov. 27, 2019 356 -21.7 C -63.5 C -100 C 19 5.2 0.2 SSE 685.3 669 655.3
Nov. 25, 2019 355 -23.2 C -65.4 C -99.6 C 19.8 5.4 0.2 SSE 686.5 671.8 655.3
Nov. 24, 2019 354 -22.6 C -73 C -99.7 C 23.9 4.9 0.2 S 688.4 675.2 657
Nov. 23, 2019 353 -23.3 C -62.1 C -100.6 C 22 6.2 0.2 SE 687.6 672.2 657.3
Nov. 22, 2019 352 -22 C -68.2 C -100.7 C 23.7 5.6 0.2 SE 688 674.1 657.7
Nov. 21, 2019 351 -22.6 C -66 C -100.4 C 23.7 5.7 0.2 SW 689.9 674.9 659.5
Nov. 20, 2019 350 -23.2 C -71.4 C -103 C 20.7 5 0.1 SSE 691.4 678.8 660.9
Nov. 19, 2019 349 -22.3 C -68.4 C -103.2 C 18.4 4.8 0.2 SSE 692.7 678.1 662.4
Nov. 18, 2019 348 -23.2 C -74.2 C -102.5 C 18.9 4.7 0.2 SW 694.6 680.8 661.9
Nov. 17, 2019 347 -23.7 C -72.5 C -102 C 19.6 4.5 0.2 SSE 695.1 681.4 663.9
Nov. 16, 2019 346 -23.5 C -71 C -101.5 C 20 4.8 0.2 SSE 694.8 682.6 661.3
Nov. 15, 2019 345 -23.9 C -68.1 C -100.4 C 20.2 4.8 0.1 SSE 696.7 680.4 664.2
Nov. 14, 2019 344 -23.3 C -67.1 C -99.9 C 18.9 5.3 0.2 SSE 697.1 681.4 664.6
Nov. 13, 2019 343 -23.1 C -71.1 C -100.8 C 20.8 5.2 0.1 SSE 698.6 685.4 665.8
Nov. 12, 2019 342 -23.3 C -73.1 C -99.9 C 20.5 4.7 0.2 SW 700.3 686.4 667.6
Nov. 11, 2019 341 -23.1 C -66.9 C -100.2 C 21.7 5.6 0.2 SSE 701 684 667.8
Nov. 10, 2019 340 -24.4 C -70.8 C -101 C 20.4 5.3 0.2 SSE 702.5 687.9 669.1
Nov. 9, 2019 339 -23.4 C -64 C -99.9 C 20.8 5.1 0.2 SSE 701.9 689 670.6
Nov. 8, 2019 338 -24 C -68.6 C -102.5 C 19.6 5.1 0.2 SSE 703.5 688.3 670.4
Nov. 7, 2019 337 -24 C -68.8 C -101.8 C 21.2 4.9 0.2 SSE 705.3 689.3 671.8
Nov. 6, 2019 336 -24 C -68.2 C -101.4 C 18.7 4.7 0.2 SSE 706.9 691.1 674.3
Nov. 5, 2019 335 -24.3 C -68.6 C -100.6 C 19.9 5 0.2 SSE 709.1 691.8 674
Nov. 4, 2019 334 -23.8 C -73.4 C -100 C 19.9 4.5 0.2 SSW 710.3 695.4 674.5
Nov. 3, 2019 333 -25.8 C -69.4 C -100.8 C 18 4.7 0.2 SSW 710.7 694.1 676.9
Nov. 2, 2019 332 -25.2 C -70.5 C -99.8 C 18.7 4.1 0.2 SSW 709.7 694.5 676.4
Nov. 1, 2019 331 -24.6 C -66.9 C -100.9 C 18.5 5 0.2 SSE 711.4 693.8 676.9

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
Oct. 31, 2019 330 -24.8 C -67.3 C -101.8 C 20.8 4.9 0.2 SSE 712.1 695.6 677.2
Oct. 30, 2019 329 -25 C -72.7 C -101.5 C 19.2 4.6 0.2 SW 714.8 698.9 679.3
Oct. 29, 2019 328 -25.2 C -70.3 C -102.3 C 18.3 4.9 0.2 SSE 715.2 696.6 679.7
Oct. 28, 2019 327 -25.3 C -69.3 C -102.6 C 19.6 4.9 0.2 SSE 716 699.7 681.4
Oct. 27, 2019 326 -23.7 C -63.2 C -101.4 C 18.2 5.2 0.2 SSE 717.8 698.3 683.9
Oct. 26, 2019 325 -24 C -68 C -102 C 19.1 5 0.2 SSE 717.2 702.9 684
Oct. 25, 2019 324 -24.8 C -69.1 C -102.4 C 23 5.4 0.2 SE 718.3 702.6 684.9
Oct. 24, 2019 323 -25.5 C -69 C -102.9 C 19.1 4.6 0.1 SE 719.6 703.8 686.4
Oct. 23, 2019 322 -25.9 C -69.7 C -102.1 C 20.6 5.5 0.2 SE 721.7 705.6 687.6
Oct. 22, 2019 321 -24.6 C -71.6 C -102.9 C 18.6 4.4 0.1 SSE 722.3 705.9 687.9
Oct. 21, 2019 320 -25.6 C -70 C -102.4 C 18.5 4.7 0.1 SSE 725.2 705.2 689.2
Oct. 19, 2019 319 -25.5 C -70.1 C -101.5 C 18.4 4.7 0.1 SSE 724.4 709.1 691.6
Oct. 18, 2019 318 -24.6 C -77.3 C -102.6 C 18.2 5.1 0.2 SSE 724.7 711.4 690.4
Oct. 17, 2019 317 -26.2 C -66.5 C -103.2 C 22.2 5.6 0.1 SSE 726.7 708.6 691.5
Oct. 16, 2019 316 -25.7 C -69.5 C -101.8 C 18.2 4.7 0.2 SSE 727.8 711.2 692.9
Oct. 15, 2019 315 -24.3 C -70.4 C -101.6 C 20.4 4.9 0.2 SSE 728.6 712.5 694.6
Oct. 14, 2019 314 -24.8 C -70.2 C -102.8 C 19.7 5.1 0.2 SSE 731.7 713 695.7
Oct. 13, 2019 313 -27.2 C -68.7 C -101.4 C 22.5 4.9 0.2 SSE 732.6 715.4 696.6
Oct. 12, 2019 312 -26 C -69 C -100.4 C 19.5 5.1 0.2 SSW 732.1 715.6 697.9
Oct. 11, 2019 311 -26.4 C -75 C -101.1 C 19.1 4.4 0.2 SSW 732.3 718.2 697.7
Oct. 10, 2019 310 -26.6 C -69.6 C -102.2 C 19.1 5 0.1 SSE 735.3 719.3 700.6
Oct. 9, 2019 309 -26.2 C -65.9 C -102.3 C 18.9 5 0.2 SSE 735.4 718 702.5
Oct. 8, 2019 308 -25.6 C -70.7 C -102.1 C 18.1 4.7 0.2 SSE 737.1 721.2 703.3
Oct. 7, 2019 307 -26.8 C -75.4 C -102 C 18.4 4.2 0.2 SSW 739.7 724.2 704.6
Oct. 6, 2019 306 -25.7 C -72.7 C -102.7 C 17.1 4.4 0.1 SSE 740.8 721.5 706.1
Oct. 5, 2019 305 -27.3 C -71.2 C -104.1 C 22.2 5 0.1 SSE 738.4 722.5 708.7
Oct. 4, 2019 304 -25.9 C -69 C -104.3 C 18.2 4.8 0.1 SSE 741.4 724.6 707.9
Oct. 3, 2019 303 -26.5 C -67.1 C -103.9 C 19.1 4.9 0.1 SSE 741.7 724.2 711.3
Oct. 2, 2019 302 -25.3 C -69 C -102 C 20.2 4.8 0.2 SSE 741.8 727.1 710.8
Oct. 1, 2019 301 -26.4 C -69.7 C -103.9 C 17.9 4.6 0.1 SE 743.1 727.9 711.7

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
Sep. 30, 2019 300 -25.6 C -68.9 C -103.2 C 22 5.1 0.1 SSE 745 729.3 711.3
Sep. 29, 2019 299 -27.7 C -69.9 C -101.3 C 17.3 4.7 0.2 SSE 746.3 730.3 712.9
Sep. 28, 2019 298 -26.8 C -75.6 C -104.1 C 17.9 4.1 0.1 SW 746.7 733.2 713.2
Sep. 27, 2019 297 -26.1 C -71.1 C -103.7 C 18 4.6 0.1 SSE 748.6 732 713.2
Sep. 26, 2019 296 -26.4 C -63.3 C -102.9 C 18.2 4.8 0.1 SE 748.7 730 715.3
Sep. 25, 2019 295 -26.6 C -69.7 C -102.1 C 22.6 5.4 0.1 SE 751.2 733.9 716.2
Sep. 24, 2019 294 -24.8 C -65 C -100.4 C 17.1 4.6 0.2 SSE 751.5 732.5 716.4
Sep. 23, 2019 293 -26.4 C -61.6 C -102 C 19.1 5 0.2 SSE 753.5 738.2 718.2
Sep. 22, 2019 292 -26.4 C -68.8 C -101.2 C 16.6 4.6 0.2 SE 753.6 739.3 718.9
Sep. 21, 2019 291 -26.5 C -76.1 C -103.4 C 17.2 4.2 0.1 W 752.7 739.2 718.7
Sep. 20, 2019 290 -26.1 C -67.5 C -102.1 C 17.5 4.6 0.1 SE 757.4 738.7 718.2
Sep. 19, 2019 289 -27.3 C -73.4 C -102.8 C 17.4 4.2 0.1 SW 757.1 742.1 721.2
Sep. 18, 2019 288 -26.3 C -73.7 C -102.3 C 17.7 4.3 0.2 SW 756.4 742.1 720.5
Sep. 17, 2019 287 -26 C -67 C -102.8 C 16.8 4.3 0.1 SSW 758 741.8 723.7
Sep. 16, 2019 286 -26.5 C -61.9 C -101.2 C 16.9 4.7 0.2 SE 759.1 742.2 724.5
Sep. 15, 2019 285 -27.1 C -72.1 C -100.8 C 21.3 4.3 0.2 SSW 757.9 742 723.2

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
Aug. 28, 2019 268 -27.1 C -69.9 C -99.6 C 15.9 4.6 0.2 SSE 769.4 749.6 733.8
Aug. 27, 2019 267 -27.5 C -69.1 C -101.5 C - - - n/a 771 752.9 735.1
Aug. 25, 2019 265 -26.3 C -65.2 C -99.4 C 16.1 5.3 0.2 SSE 774.1 754.6 733.4
Aug. 24, 2019 264 -26.7 C -75.8 C -101 C 17.4 4.1 0.2 SW 775.3 759.3 738.4
Aug. 23, 2019 263 -27.2 C -74.6 C -100.9 C 18.3 3.8 0.2 SW 776.4 760.1 738.4
Aug. 22, 2019 262 -26.4 C -75.5 C -101.3 C 15.8 4.2 0.1 SSE 776.7 760.9 740.1
Aug. 21, 2019 261 -26.6 C -78 C -102.4 C 16 4.8 0.2 SW 778.9 764.4 738.6
Aug. 20, 2019 260 -28.6 C -75.9 C -101.7 C - - - n/a 777.8 762.5 741.1
Aug. 19, 2019 259 -27.1 C -71.2 C -101 C 17.6 4.4 0.2 SSW 780.4 761 742.1
Aug. 18, 2019 258 -26.2 C -65.5 C -100 C 16.8 4.7 0.2 SSE 779 759 741.6
Aug. 17, 2019 257 -26.5 C -69.3 C -100.2 C 17.1 4.4 0.2 SSE 780.1 761 741.4
Aug. 16, 2019 256 -25.6 C -70 C -101.7 C 17.9 4.2 0.1 SW 780.1 760.2 741.7
Aug. 15, 2019 255 -24.7 C -69.3 C -100.1 C 17.3 4.5 0.2 SSW 780.5 762.5 744.1
Aug. 14, 2019 254 -25.9 C -62.8 C -99.3 C 18.1 4.9 0.2 SE 781.6 758.3 739.2
Aug. 13, 2019 253 -25.5 C -69.5 C -100 C 16.4 4.5 0.2 SSE 780.9 762.4 744
Aug. 12, 2019 252 -26 C -73.7 C -100.8 C 18.3 4.2 0.1 SSW 781.6 763.6 744.4
Aug. 11, 2019 251 -26.5 C -69.4 C -101 C 17.5 4.2 0.2 SSE 781.4 762.3 743
Aug. 10, 2019 250 -26.2 C -72 C -100 C 16.2 4.3 0.2 SSE 781.2 762.3 743.7
Aug. 9, 2019 249 -26 C -69.1 C -98.8 C 17.5 4.3 0.2 SSE 781.1 762.3 744.3
Aug. 8, 2019 248 -25.8 C -71.2 C -99.6 C 16.7 4.5 0.2 SSE 781.2 763.2 743.7
Aug. 7, 2019 247 -26.5 C -68.9 C -100.4 C 16.8 4.6 0.2 SSE 779.4 761.3 743.4
Aug. 5, 2019 246 -26.5 C -64.9 C -99.4 C 18.1 5.3 0.2 SSE 0 0 0
Aug. 4, 2019 245 -25.6 C -68.8 C -99.9 C 17.7 4.6 0.2 SSE 780.2 761.5 742.9
Aug. 3, 2019 244 -27.1 C -70.2 C -100.3 C 15.9 4.4 0.2 SSE 783.1 763.5 742.9
Aug. 2, 2019 243 -25.9 C -69.3 C -99.8 C 17.1 4.5 0.2 SSE 782 763.2 743.4
Aug. 1, 2019 242 -26.1 C -69.1 C -99.1 C 17.1 4.7 0.2 SW 781.5 763.2 743.9

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
July 31, 2019 241 -26.2 C -68.5 C -100.5 C 16.2 4.6 0.1 SSE 782.3 763.5 743.8
July 30, 2019 240 -25 C -68.6 C -98.5 C 15.8 4.5 0.2 SW 781.9 763.4 743.5
July 29, 2019 239 -25.7 C -68.3 C -98 C 20.4 5.3 0.2 SW 782.9 763.8 743.3
July 23, 2019 233 -25.7 C -68.4 C -98.8 C 16.2 4.6 0.2 SE 780.8 764.3 744.1
July 20, 2019 230 -26.1 C -68.3 C -99.3 C 15.2 4 0.2 SE 781.8 764.5 744.1
July 19, 2019 229 -24.7 C -68.2 C -99.2 C 14.8 4 0.2 SW 782 763.9 743.4
July 18, 2019 228 -25 C -68.8 C -98.7 C 14.5 4.2 0.2 SSE 782.5 764.7 742.3
July 17, 2019 227 -25.4 C -68.6 C -100 C 15 4.2 0.2 SE 781.9 764.7 742.1
July 16, 2019 226 -25.9 C -68.3 C -98 C 14.8 4.1 0.2 SSW 782.2 764.5 740.7
July 15, 2019 225 -25 C -68.2 C -98.3 C 15 4.2 0.2 SE 782.6 764.6 741.3
July 14, 2019 224 -25.8 C -69.4 C -100.8 C 14.8 4.2 0.1 SSE 782.9 764.8 741.4
July 13, 2019 223 -25.5 C -69.1 C -100.8 C 17.4 4.3 0.2 SE 781.5 764.2 740.8
July 12, 2019 222 -24.8 C -68.9 C -99.7 C 15.6 4.2 0.2 SSE 781.1 764 739.8
July 11, 2019 221 -23.8 C -69.7 C -99.4 C 14.1 4.1 0.2 SSE 780.3 763.6 739.1
July 10, 2019 220 -25.9 C -70.4 C -101.2 C 16 4 0.2 SSE 780.4 763.7 738.5
July 9, 2019 219 -24.9 C -68.8 C -100.3 C 16.1 4.5 0.2 SE 782.6 764.9 739.9
July 8, 2019 218 -26.1 C -69.2 C -100.2 C 16 4.6 0.2 SE 779.7 764.2 741.2
July 6, 2019 216 -24.9 C -65.4 C -102.5 C 15.8 4.6 0.1 SSE 780.2 762 739.3
July 5, 2019 215 -25 C -69 C -101.7 C 14.6 4.2 0.1 SSE 781.7 764.1 740.3
July 4, 2019 214 -24.7 C -68.9 C -101.2 C 14.5 4.2 0.2 SSE 779.7 762.7 738.2
July 3, 2019 213 -25.2 C -69 C -102.1 C 15.1 4 0.1 WSW 779.3 761.6 736.4
July 2, 2019 212 -24.2 C -64.9 C -102.1 C 15.7 4.3 0.1 SSE 781.4 761.5 737.2
July 1, 2019 211 -24.3 C -68.5 C -101 C 15.4 4.3 0.1 SSW 782.7 762.9 738.1

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
June 29, 2019 210 -25.4 C -68.6 C -101 C 15.6 4.4 0.1 SE 781.6 762.4 737.4
June 28, 2019 209 -23.7 C -69 C -103 C 15.5 4.3 0.1 SSE 778.3 761.1 737.6
June 27, 2019 208 -23.7 C -68.7 C -102.3 C 15.4 4.3 0.1 SSE 777.5 761.6 739.5
June 26, 2019 207 -25 C -69.2 C -103.9 C 15.8 4.3 0.1 SE 778 762.9 740.2
June 25, 2019 206 -25.3 C -65.4 C -103.5 C 15.6 4.8 0.1 SE 775.4 760.1 740.1
June 24, 2019 205 -24.9 C -69.6 C -103.9 C 15.9 4.3 0.1 SSE 775.3 760.6 739
June 23, 2019 204 -25.3 C -69.7 C -104.1 C 15.3 4.3 0.1 W 775.8 761.4 739.7
June 22, 2019 203 -25.7 C -72.9 C -104 C 14.6 4 0.1 SSE 775.8 761.9 739.4
June 21, 2019 202 -24.4 C -69.6 C -103.3 C 15.4 4.4 0.1 SSE 775.1 760.2 739.2
June 20, 2019 201 -24 C -69.7 C -103.3 C 16.1 4.2 0.1 SSE 775.3 759.7 738.1
June 19, 2019 200 -24.6 C -70.1 C -104.3 C 15.6 4.2 0.1 SSE 777.3 760.2 738.2
June 18, 2019 199 -23.2 C -70.5 C -104.7 C 14.9 4.1 0.1 W 775.2 759.8 737.4
June 17, 2019 198 -24.7 C -70 C -104.8 C 15.5 4 0.1 SSE 774.5 758.3 735.6
June 16, 2019 197 -23.3 C -69.7 C -105.2 C 15.9 4.1 0.1 SSE 775.2 758.1 735.9
June 15, 2019 196 -22.3 C -70 C -105.3 C 15.9 4.4 0.1 W 775.6 759.1 737.5
June 14, 2019 195 -23.8 C -69.9 C -105.6 C 14.5 4.3 0.1 SSE 776.9 759.5 738.3
June 13, 2019 194 -23.5 C -69.5 C -104.4 C 17 4.5 0.1 SSE 774.1 757.3 738.1
June 12, 2019 193 -23 C -69.6 C -103.7 C 35.1 9.8 0.3 SSE 774.8 757.2 737.3
June 11, 2019 192 -23.6 C -65.9 C -104.9 C 15.4 5 0.1 SSE 775.2 758.9 739.6
June 10, 2019 191 -21.6 C -69.6 C -104.9 C 15.2 4.4 0.1 SSE 775.2 758.7 740.4
June 9, 2019 190 -22.5 C -69.3 C -104.1 C 16.6 5.2 0.2 SSE 772.5 757.4 739.5
June 8, 2019 189 -22.4 C -69.4 C -102.2 C 16.5 4.7 0.2 SSE 773.6 756.6 738.9
June 7, 2019 188 -21.9 C -65.2 C -102.5 C 15.6 4.8 0.1 SSE 772.4 757.3 738
June 6, 2019 187 -21.9 C -68.6 C -102.8 C 16.1 4.4 0.2 SSE 774.6 757.4 735.4
June 5, 2019 186 -21.8 C -68.4 C -101.7 C 16.2 4.6 0.2 SSE 772.1 755.9 733.5
June 4, 2019 185 -21.2 C -68.4 C -100.7 C 15.3 4.5 0.2 W 771.7 755.1 732.3
June 3, 2019 184 -22.1 C -68.7 C -101.3 C 15.2 4.5 0.2 W 771.8 755.3 730.9
June 2, 2019 183 -22.3 C -63 C -101.1 C 15.2 4.9 0.2 SSE 773.3 757.1 731.2
June 1, 2019 182 -22.6 C -51.3 C -99.7 C 15.9 5.7 0.2 SSE 772.4 753.9 730.7

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
May 31, 2019 181 -20.7 C -63.8 C -100.6 C 14.9 5.1 0.2 SW 770.2 753 729.8
May 30, 2019 180 -21.8 C -64.3 C -101.1 C 14.7 4.7 0.2 S 769.8 752.4 729.1
May 29, 2019 179 -21.5 C -63.9 C -101 C 14.5 4.8 0.2 SW 772.4 754.5 729.9
May 28, 2019 178 -23 C -64 C -101.1 C 15 4.9 0.2 SW 771.3 752.2 728.6
May 27, 2019 177 -21.3 C -63.7 C -100.7 C 17.1 4.8 0.2 SW 769 751.8 727.5
May 26, 2019 176 -19.9 C -68 C -100.3 C 15.9 4.2 0.2 W 770.2 751.6 727.1
May 23, 2019 174 -21.3 C -67.6 C -101.1 C 16.3 4.3 0.2 SW 770.2 751.7 728.2
May 22, 2019 173 -20.9 C -63.7 C -100.9 C 14.1 4.9 0.2 SW 769.2 751.1 726.2
May 22, 2019 172 -20 C -65 C -133.5 C - - - n/a 769.5 749.6 726.8
May 20, 2019 171 -20.9 C -63.7 C -100.5 C 14.8 4.9 0.2 SW 769.6 751.7 727.7
May 19, 2019 170 -21.2 C -63.4 C -100.9 C 14.6 4.7 0.2 SW 767.1 749.4 726.8
May 18, 2019 169 -17.6 C -67.8 C -100.6 C 15.5 4.6 0.2 S 768 748.9 724.9
May 17, 2019 168 -19.6 C -63.6 C -100.5 C 12.6 4.6 0.2 SW 768.1 745.7 724.6
May 16, 2019 167 -20.4 C -65.1 C -100.5 C 13.5 4.7 0.5 SW 769.2 751.8 724.7
May 15, 2019 166 -20.5 C -63.8 C -100.5 C 11.7 4.6 0.2 SSE 769.2 749.2 725.6
May 14, 2019 165 -18.2 C -65.7 C -100.3 C 13.7 4.6 0.6 SW 767.8 750.5 725.7
May 13, 2019 164 -16.6 C -63.8 C -100 C 15.1 4.4 0.2 SW 766.4 747.6 725
May 12, 2019 163 -17.7 C -64.2 C -99.9 C 15.2 4.3 0.3 SW 766.2 746.7 724.8
May 11, 2019 162 -20.3 C -67.9 C -100.2 C 14.3 4.1 0.2 WNW 766.3 747 724.9
May 10, 2019 161 -19.5 C -67.5 C -98.6 C 15.2 4.2 0.2 W 765.2 746.1 722.8
May 9, 2019 160 -19.4 C -63.7 C -99.5 C 13.5 4.6 0.2 SSE 765 745.1 721.2
May 8, 2019 159 -21.6 C -67.9 C -100.3 C 15.3 4.2 0.2 W 765.4 744.7 720
May 7, 2019 158 -21.8 C -64.8 C -99.7 C 13.6 4.8 0.8 SSE 765.4 746.2 719.8
May 6, 2019 157 -18.4 C -67.4 C -100.2 C 14.6 4.1 0.2 W 764.9 743.5 719.5
May 5, 2019 156 -18.1 C -63.5 C -99.2 C 13.8 4.7 0.2 SW 763.6 743.5 719.7
May 4, 2019 155 -18.8 C -63.4 C -99.3 C 14.3 4.5 0.2 SW 762.8 742 720.7
May 3, 2019 154 -17.2 C -63.5 C -97.6 C 13.1 4.5 0.2 SW 763 743.3 719.9
May 2, 2019 153 -17.5 C -63.5 C -98.5 C - - - n/a 762.2 743.1 719.7
May 1, 2019 152 -17.2 C -63.3 C -98.1 C 13.2 4.8 0.2 SW 760.8 741.9 717.8

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
Apr. 30, 2019 151 -17.5 C -67.1 C -97.1 C 12.3 4.1 0.2 W 761.6 741.2 717.9
Apr. 29, 2019 150 -20.4 C -63.8 C -98.5 C 14.4 4.6 0.3 SW 760.8 741.1 717.6
Apr. 28, 2019 149 -19.5 C -63.4 C -98.8 C 14.2 4.6 0.2 SW 760 739 716.1
Apr. 27, 2019 148 -18.2 C -67.1 C -99.1 C 14.3 4.2 0.2 W 761.1 739.1 714.7
Apr. 26, 2019 147 -23.5 C -74.7 C -98.4 C 11.7 3.7 0.2 W 762 740.8 714.7
Apr. 25, 2019 146 -17.7 C -64.6 C -98.6 C 11.6 4.8 0.5 SW 761.2 741.3 714.9
Apr. 24, 2019 145 -19.3 C -65.1 C -98.1 C 11.6 4.4 0.2 SW 762.1 739.3 716
Apr. 23, 2019 144 -17.6 C -64.4 C -98.7 C 11.1 4.2 0.2 SW 760 737.5 714.5
Apr. 22, 2019 143 -19.8 C -63.3 C -98 C 12.1 4.6 0.2 SW 758.9 736.4 713.2
Apr. 21, 2019 142 -18.4 C -66.8 C -97.5 C 14.8 4.2 0.2 W 758.3 735.9 712.3
Apr. 20, 2019 141 -19.7 C -64 C -98.3 C 12.9 4.7 0.5 SW 758.8 737.1 712.6
Apr. 19, 2019 140 -18 C -69.2 C -98.6 C 14.2 4 0.2 W 758.8 735.2 712.2
Apr. 18, 2019 139 -18.1 C -62.9 C -97.6 C 12.2 4.7 0.3 SW 757.5 734.1 708.9
Apr. 17, 2019 138 -17.3 C -65.5 C -97.7 C 12.6 4.3 0.2 W 756.8 733.6 709.2
Apr. 15, 2019 137 -15.9 C -64.7 C -97 C 12.4 4.3 0.2 SW 754.6 732.7 709
Apr. 14, 2019 136 -16.5 C -65.9 C -97.3 C 10.8 4.3 0.3 WNW 754.4 732.4 708.5
Apr. 13, 2019 135 -16.6 C -65.8 C -96.5 C 11.3 4.2 0.2 SW 754.2 732.8 709.7
Apr. 12, 2019 134 -18.2 C -62.5 C -98.4 C - - - n/a 755.7 731.1 708.4
Apr. 11, 2019 133 -15.7 C -65.8 C -96.8 C 11.7 4.2 0.2 W 754.2 731.3 706.8
Apr. 10, 2019 132 -16.3 C -65.9 C -97.7 C 12.2 4.3 0.2 SW 752.8 730.8 706.9
Apr. 9, 2019 131 -15.6 C -66 C -98.2 C 11.6 4.1 0.2 WNW 752.9 731.1 707.3
Apr. 8, 2019 130 -15.5 C -65.8 C -98 C 11.7 4.1 0.2 SW 752.4 731.2 707.7
Apr. 7, 2019 129 -16.7 C -65.9 C -97.7 C 11.9 4.1 0.2 SW 752.2 730.2 707
Apr. 6, 2019 128 -15.5 C -65.3 C -97.5 C 13.6 4.1 0.2 SW 750.6 719.1 707.4
Apr. 5, 2019 127 -16.8 C -65.5 C -96.6 C 11.2 4.2 0.3 SW 751.4 730.3 707.5
Apr. 4, 2019 126 -17 C -65.1 C -97 C 10.7 4 0.2 SW 750.5 730.2 707.5
Apr. 3, 2019 125 -16.8 C -65.5 C -97.2 C 11.7 4 0.2 SW 749.8 729.4 706.2
Apr. 2, 2019 124 -16.7 C -65.9 C -97.9 C 11.8 4 0.2 SW 750.3 728.6 705.6

Time Air Temperature (°C) Wind Speed (m/s) Pressure (Pa)
Date Sol Max Avg Min Max Avg Min Direction Max Avg Min
Mar. 28, 2019 119 -15 C -60.9 C -97.4 C 10.1 4.3 0.2 SW 750.3 728.2 704.5
Mar. 24, 2019 115 -15.5 C -61.6 C -96 C - - - n/a 750.7 725.5 700.6
Mar. 23, 2019 114 -15.5 C -65 C -96.8 C - - - n/a 749.2 725.5 700.9
Mar. 22, 2019 113 -15.3 C -64.6 C -96.7 C - - - n/a 748.7 724 700.4
Mar. 17, 2019 108 -14.4 C -50.3 C -96.1 C 13.1 5.2 0.3 SW 750.4 724.8 697.5
Mar. 16, 2019 107 -15.8 C -64.6 C -96.1 C 10.4 4.1 0.2 SW 749.4 723.5 697.7
Mar. 15, 2019 106 -15.9 C -64.5 C -96.3 C 12.4 4.1 0.2 WNW 751.2 724.9 698.5
Mar. 14, 2019 105 -14.7 C -64.3 C -95.7 C 12.1 4 0.2 SW 748.5 724.7 698.4
Mar. 13, 2019 104 -14.4 C -64.1 C -96.1 C 11.1 4.2 0.2 WNW 748 723.7 697.1
Mar. 12, 2019 103 -19.1 C -61.1 C -95.8 C 14 4.9 0.2 WNW 748.6 724.2 697.3
Mar. 11, 2019 102 -17 C -64.2 C -96.8 C 12.7 4.6 0.4 SW 749.4 725.2 697.4

Temperature Over Time

I have adjusted the chart to display only data up to and including sol 814. There were large gaps in the data after that, and the data was probably unreliable. The period represented covers March 11th 2019 through to March 10th 2021, so 2 Earth years, and a little over a Martian year.

Horizontal lines indicate maximum and minimum values after smoothing out anomolies

Vertical lines indicate:
SE (spring equinox), SS (summer solstice), AE (autumn equinox), WS (winter solstice)
AP (aphelion - furthest distance from the sun), PE (perihelion - closest approach to the sun)
MSC (Mars Solar Conjunction - Earth and Mars on opposite sides of the Sun)
CVI (Covid-19 related interruption to datastream)

Use cursor to determine dates

Temperature Records since March 11th 2019
°CLowestHighestRangeCurrent°FLowestHighestRangeCurrent
Max Max
Avg Avg
Min Min

Data in the above chart is derived after smoothing out spikes and troughs with a ≥±10°C or greater deviance.

Current Time in Elysium

The lander is in the south-west corner of Elysium Planitia, approximately 135°E 4.5°N. The Martian day - or sol - is 24hrs 39mins 35secs long. For convenience, Martian clocks keep a 24hr time, requiring the Martian second to be a little longer than it is on Earth (approx 1.0275 secs).

These clocks reflect the local times at the prime meridian and InSight's location and keep Martian time (using its extended seconds). InSight was intended to land at 135.974°E, but actually landed at 135.6234°E. The InSight Clock uses the actual landing site, while the Mission Clock (used by the mission team) uses the intended landing site.

LS is the solar longitude - the angular position of the planet from the vernal equinox - and is important in many equations, particularly regarding time and dates. The value displayed here differs from that at James Tauber's Mars Clock, which itself differs from the value displayed by Mars24. I had to choose one of them as my benchmark, and since I use Mars24 as the benchmark for the clocks, it seemed reasonable to choose Mars24 to remain consistent. The difference between the two (Mars24 and Tauber's algorithm) is only 0.00628° anyway, but otherwise they are in lock-step.

Although LS effectively describes the planet's position in its orbit around the sun, it is actually a function of time on the planetary analemma, since it describes the position on the analemma for a certain date and time.

MSD is the Martian equivalent of a Julian date, and this refers to the number of sols since Dec 29th 1873. For obvious reasons, this keeps Martian time. Note: if you use the Mars24 program, you may note the MSD displayed in that program differs slightly from this one. It seems Mars24 rounds the numbers, so when MSD reaches a 0.005 precision boundary, it rounds up. It doesn't seem to do this for MJD.

MJD is the Modified Julian Date. This ignores the first 2,400,000 days in the standard Julian date, and moves the starting point to midnight (from midday). This is further modified to reflect the coordinated universal time for spacecraft, which is some 5hrs 45m adrift of UTC.

Since MSD uses Martian time and MJD uses universal time, you'll see them slide in and out of synchronicity.

There are several Martian Calendars in use. NASA uses MSD, but the year/month calculations in the above clocks use the calendar proposed by R. Todd Clancy (Clancy et al., Journal of Geophys. Res 105, p 9553, 2000), whereby the Calendar begins at midnight on the morning of April 11th 1955 (when Ls = 0) and with the first year being year 1.

Martian years are approx. 686 days long, equating to roughly 668 sols. Sols are counted from the start of the year because of the huge variance in the length of Martian months. Martian months vary in duration from 46 to 67 sols.

Martian months are calculated based on the number of degrees Mars is around its orbit (each month being 30°). This means most months end partway through the day. In order to ensure a month consists of whole days, the calculation employed here rounds down to the nearest whole number. Therefore, if the end of the month occurs on sol 68.2, all of sol 68 occurs in the last day of the month. This is a convenience, and there is no formal convention on how to handle this. Other calculators may begin a month on any day where the month begins, so in the above example, sol 68 may be the first sol in the new month.

If you are wondering why the sols on the clocks don't match the sols in the weather reports, the weather reports refer to mission time, rather than the start of the Martian year. Besides being a convenient way to track mission duration, it guarantees two data points in different years have unique sol counts.

In addition, the weather report in the graphic at the top of the page is usually a few days in arrears. The Sol counter in the mission clock reports the current mission date.

Current Location of Mars

no data

no data

no data

[1] the calculation is based on data from the Planetary Society, and divides the Martian year using the equinoxes and solstices. Further, it uses UTC to perform the calculations rather than Airy Mean Time (AMT), so is only an approximation to provide a rough guide. AMT is the Martian equivalent of GMT. The Martian year is 686.97 standard days (668.6 sols), approximately 1.88 years.

[2] Calculation is based on data from Goddard Institute for Space Studies

[3] Calculation is based on data from Goddard Institute for Space Studies and other sources

Current positions of Earth and Mars Image courtesy of https://in-the-sky.org and © Dominic Ford

This image is updated once per week. A daily update is available on the Mars Solar Conjunctionsplugin-autotooltip__default plugin-autotooltip_bigMars Solar Conjunction

This page is currently INACTIVE for 2021 conjunction

Mars is heading for a solar conjunction, which in layman's terms means it's on the opposite side of the sun from the Earth. For a short period, no commands will be sent to the Mars spacecraft (which includes landers and rovers) since the sun's corona could corrupt those commands and result in unintended actions, disablement of the spacecraft or worse.
page when such events are active.

You can check the position of Mars vs the Sun and Earth for any date here: https://in-the-sky.org/solarsystem.php?obj=P4

See Also

Orbital Shenanigansplugin-autotooltip__default plugin-autotooltip_bigOrbital Shenanigans

[MOLA map of Mars coloured by elevation]

Edited: 2019-03-14

Sometimes when you do some research – actually, quite often – you find out some really interesting stuff and end up changing your mind. In my story, I had some people on the ground on Mars, and wanted a spacecraft in a geostationary orbit above them to give them communications between them at all times. Just for info, when talking about geostationary orbits, the accepted term for Mars is aerostationary. I’ll use g…
| Mars Solar Conjunctionsplugin-autotooltip__default plugin-autotooltip_bigMars Solar Conjunction

This page is currently INACTIVE for 2021 conjunction

Mars is heading for a solar conjunction, which in layman's terms means it's on the opposite side of the sun from the Earth. For a short period, no commands will be sent to the Mars spacecraft (which includes landers and rovers) since the sun's corona could corrupt those commands and result in unintended actions, disablement of the spacecraft or worse.
| Perseverance Roverplugin-autotooltip__default plugin-autotooltip_bigPerseverance Rover

Perseverance has launched succesfully and the clock is now counting flight and ETA time. It is due to land on Mars on (times and countdown timer based on NASA's timer):

* Feb 18th 2021. * * * * * * *

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blog/aardvaark/mars_weather.txt · Last modified: 2022/09/04 09:46 by Phil Ide

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